morshed
The morshed (master/guide) has the highest status in zurkhaneh. He should be Skilled in the practical aspects of zurkhaneh and has achieved a high level of Spiritual growth and so is qualified to lead the congregation.
The morshed is skilled with and uses the zarb (drum), the zang (bell) and his Voice to set the rhythm and pace of the training. As previously mentioned he Utilizes the vast resources of spiritual, poetic and artistic literature to aid and Motivate the athletes during the training session.The morsheds singing that accompanies the exercise is a form of oral Education, passing down spiritual, ethical, religious and social knowledge and Moral codes from generation to generatio


miyandar
The miyandar (coach) is usually a person that is most skilled technically and Lead the training session while demonstrating the techniques fully to less Experienced athletes. The miyandar communicates with the morshed Throughout the training session by visual and verbal cues in order to set the Pace, signify changes and transitions during the exercise. As previously mentioned the zurkhaneh exercise is performed with the athletes Standing in a circle and often the miyandar, which can be the most senior Student, takes his place in the center of the circle while leading the exercise. It Is however not mandatory that the miyandar remains the same person Throughout the entire training session, this role can be changed during the Exercise and the most suited to perform the specific part of the exercise can Step in to perform or continue the training session.

rokhsat
Rokhsat means asking for permission. It signifies and demonstrated respect to The morshed, the elders and can also include the audience if applicable. The Athlete uses this phrase to seek permission from the morshed prior to entering The gowd, or the sports ground. It is also used prior to performing certain Exercises which are done individually in front of the assembly,  such as whirling Or to seek permission to commence or lead the exercise zamin boosi (entering the gowd) Upon entering or leaving the gowd (or sports ground) the athletes touch the Ground with their fingers of their right hand and then kiss their fingers. The Significance of this custom, called zamin boosi (literally meaning kissing the Earth), shows ones respect to the sports ground as well as acknowledgement That we come from the earth and to it shall we return one day. This can be Compared to certain eastern martial arts where the practitioners bow to show Respect before entering and upon leaving the dojo (sports hall or ring). The athletes enter the gowd (or sports ground) from a position right opposite The sardam and so they will be facing the sardam and the morshed upon entry In to the gowd.

kesvat (ranking)
In zurkhaneh there is no such ranking system that can be compared with the Practices of ranking in various eastern martial arts. There is however an Intricate system which is commonly referred to as kesvat which signifies ones Merit. The system of kesvat is not only based on practical experience and skill levels In terms of technical execution of practices or strength alone, but incorporates Such aspects such as age and spiritual maturity as well as merits and Reputation of the degree of righteousness of the athlete. In contrast to many other martial arts there are no outwardly or physical signs Of the rank of a athlete that one can wear. It is simply determined and signified By their position in the gowd during exercise. All practices are performed in a Circular fashion with the least experienced athlete standing at the 'bottom' of The gowd and hence facing the sardamm and the morshed while the athlete With the highest kesvat is allowed to stand with their back towards the Sardamm and consequently the morshed. The placement of the athletes in this way also has a practical advantage as th Least experienced athlete can benefit from direct supervision and eye contact
From the morshed.

konde zadan (kneeling)
Prior to commencing the exercises the athletes kneel on their right knee while Placing both their hands on their left knee with a upright posture. This is an Ancient custom performed by the pahlavans and knights of the past and Signifies their respect to higher authorities while being prepared and alert to  Leap into action. The athletes remain in this posture while the morshed conducts the opening Ritual which is often in the form of a brief song, poem or speech accompanied By the beat of the zarb (drum) which signifies the commencement of the Proceedings.